Divya Desams are an auspicious collection of 108 Vishnu temples. It is mentioned and praised in the Divya Prabandha, a collection of 4,000 Tamil verses by the Alvars, the ultimate devotes of the Hindu Supreme God Vishnu.
Out of the 108 Divya desams, 105 Divya desams are spread in across the states of the Indian subcontinent - Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. While one is located in Nepal and the last two resides beyond earthly realms namely, Thirupalkadal (the ocean of milk) and Paramapadam (Vaikuntha where Lord Vishnu resides).
Among the Divya desams in India, a collection of 84 Divya desams are located in Tamil Nadu, while 11 Divya Desams are spread out in the northern and southern parts of Kerala.
Vaishnava Hindus after the completion to the visits of the 106 Divya desams ultimately hope to reach the god's feet through the remaining two Divya desams - thirupparkadal and thiruparamapadham to acquire pure holiness.
Introduction to Chozha Naattu Thiruppathigal
In Chozha Nadu, there are 40 Divyadesams found. In these 40 Divyadesams, Emperumaan gives his seva in Nindra Thirukkola seva in 23 divyadesams, in Kidantha kola sevain 13 Divyadesams and in Irundha kola seva in 6 divyadesams.
Facing his thirumugham along East direction, he is givng his seva in 33 divyadesams, along West direction, he is found in 4 divyadesams, along South direction, he is found in 2 Divyadesams and along North direction, he is giving his seva only in 1 Divyadesam.
Among these 40 Divyadesams in Chozha Naadu, the perumal is said to be giving his seva in the perumal in Krishnavathaaram in 8 Divyadesams and as the perumal in Ramavathaaram in 3 Divyadesams.
In these 40 Divyadesams, Thiruvellkkulam is also called as "Thenn Thirupathi". It is said that bhaktas can offer the dedications to this perumal who cant be able to go to Tirumala - Tirupati, so, this sthalaperumal and Sri Venkatachalapathy, Tirumala are considered to be the same.
In these 40 Divyadesams, the Thaayar is given the name on the base of the flower in 21 divyadesams.
1. Thiruvarangam (Sri Rangam) - Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple
2. Thirukkozhi - Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple
3. Thirukkarambanoor - Sri Purushothaman Perumal Temple
4. Thiruvellarai - Sri Pundarikashan Perumal Temple
5. Thiru Anbil - Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple
6. Thirupper Nagar - Sri Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple
7. Thirukkandiyur - Sri Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple
1. Thiruvelliyankudi - Sri Kola Valvilli Ramar Perumal Temple
2. Thiru Aadhanoor - Sri Aandu Alakkum Ayan Perumal Temple
3. Thirukkudanthai - Sri Saarangapani Perumal Temple
4. Thiruppullam Boothankudi - Sri Valvil Ramar Perumal Temple
5. Thirukkavitthalam (Kabisthalam) - Sri Gajendra Varadha Perumal Temple
6. Thirunandhipura Vinnagaram (Nathan Kovil) - Sri Jaganatha Perumal Temple
7. Thirukkoodaloor - Sri Aaduthurai Perumal Temple
8. Thiru Vinnagar - Sri Oppiliappa Perumal Temple
9. Thiru Narayoor (Naachiyar Kovil) - Sri Thirunarayoor Nambi Perumal Temple
10. Thiruccherai - Sri Saranathan Perumal Temple
11. Thirukkannamangai - Sri Bhaktavatsala Perumal Temple
1. Thiru Thanjaimaamani Koil - Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple
1. Thiruvazhunthoor - Sri Devaadi Raja Perumal Temple
2. Thiru Sirupuliyur - Sri Arulmaakadal Perumal Temple
3. Thiru Thalaicchanga Naanmathiyam - Sri Naan Madhiya Perumal Temple
4. Thiru Indhaloor - Sri Parimala Ranganatha Perumal Temple
1. Thirukkannapuram - Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple
2. Thirukkannankudi - Sri Loganatha Perumal Temple
3. Thiru Naagai - Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple
1. Thiru Chithrakoodam (Chidambaram) - Sri Govindaraja Perumal Temple
1. Thirukkazhiseerama Vinnagaram (Seerkazhi) - Thirivikaraman Perumal Temple
2. Thiruvaali Thirunagari - Sri Lakshmi Narashima Perumal Temple
3. Thiru Kavalampaadi - Sri Gopala Krishna Perumal Temple
4. Thiru Arimeya Vinnagaram - Sri Kuda Maadu Koothan Perumal Temple
5. Thiru Vann Purushothamam - Sri Purushothama Perumal Temple
6. Thiru Sempon Sei Kovil - Sri Per Arulaalan Perumal Temple
7. Thiru Manimaada Kovil - Sri Narayana Perumal Temple
8. Thiru VaiKunda Vinnagaram - Sri Vaigundha Nathan Perumal Temple
9. Thiru Devanaar Thogai - Sri Deiva Naayaga Perumal Temple
10. Thiru Thetri Aambalam - Sri Seganmaal Ranganatha Perumal Temple
11. Thiru Manikkoodam - Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple
12. Thiru Vellakkulam (Annan Kovil) - Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
13. Thiru Paarthanpalli - Sri Thamaraiyal Kelvan Perumal Temple
Introduction to Nadu Naattu Thiruppathigal
In Nadu Nattu Thiruppathigal, two divyadesams are situated. They are Thirukkoviloor and Thiruvahindrapuram.
Thirukkoviloor divyadesam is situated near Vizhuppuram. In this divyadesam, the Perumal gives the thirukkolam of Thirivikrama (Vaamanar) avathaaram.
In Thiruvahindrapuram, the perumal is Emperumaan Devanatha Swamy. Hayagreevar is found in a mountain nearer to this temple. And it is situated near Cuddalore.
1. Thiruvaheendrapuram - Sri Deyva Nayaga Perumal Temple
2. Thirukkoviloor - Sri Thiruvikrama Perumal Temple
Introduction to Pandiya Nadu Divyadesams - Thiruppathigal
In Pandiya Naadu, there are 18 Divyadesams found in all these Divyadesams, the Perumal is found facing his thirumugham towards east direction.
In this 18 Divyadesams, 9 Divyadesams namely Thirukkurugoor, Thirukkoloor, Thirupperai, Thiruvaikundam, Thiruvaragunamangai, Thirukkulandai, Thiruppulingudi, Thirutholaivillimangalam and Thiruccheerivaramangai are collectively called as "Nava Tirupathi".
The Speciality of this Pandiya Nattu thiruppathigal is that in all these Nava Thirupathi Divyadesams, there are two thaayars found.
Tirunelveli Temples - Nava Tirupathis
1. Thirukkurungudi - Sri Nindra Nambi Perumal Temple
2. Thiruccherivaramangai (Vaanamaamalai) - Sri Thothatrinatha Perumal Temple
3. Thirukkurugoor (Azhwar Thirunagari) - Sri Aadhinatha Swamy Temple
4. Thirukkoloor - Sri Vaitha Maanitha Perumal Temple
5. Thirupperai - Sri Magara NedungKuzhai Kaathar Perumal Temple
6. Thiruvaikundam (Sri Vaikundam) - Sri Vaikundanatha Perumal Temple
7. Thirukkulanthai - Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
8. Thiruvaragunamangai - Sri Vijayaasana Perumal Temple
9. Thiruppulingudu - Sri Kaaichina Vendha Perumal Temple
10. Thiruttholai Villimangalam - Sri Aravindha Lochana Perumal Temple
Virudhu Nagar Temples
1. Thiruthankaal - Sri Nindra Narayana Perumal Temple
2. Thiruvilliputhoor (Sri Villiputhoor) - Sri Vadabhatra Saayi Perumal Temple
1. Thirukkoodal - Sri Koodal Azhagar Perumal Temple
2. Thirumaalirunsolai - Sri Kallazhagar Perumal Temple
3. Thiru Moghur - Sri Kaalamegha Perumal Temple
1. Thiruppullanni - Sri Kalyana Jagannatha Perumal Temple
1. Thirukkotiyoor - Sri Uraga Mellanayaan Perumal Temple
2. Thirumeyyam - Sri Sathyagiri Natha Perumal Temple
Introduction to Malayala Naattu Thiruppathigal
All the Malayala naatu sthalams explains about the Aathma Paramathma relationships with the perumal and bhaktaas, the relation with Mahabharat and Ramayan and the perumal who are found in this Malayala Nadu are said to be the Avathaars of Sri Rama, Sri Krishna and Sri Parasurama.
There are 13 Kerala Divya desams found. Among which, the Emperumaan is found in Nindra thirukkolam in 10 divyadesams, in Kidantha kolam in 2 divyadesams and in Irundha kolam in one divya desam.
The perumal is facing his thirumugham along East direction in 8 divyadesam along west direction is 3 divyadesams and in 2 divyadesams, he is facing his thirumugham towards south direction.
In two divyadesams, (Thiruvananthapuram and Thiruvaattaaru), where the perumal is giving his seva in 3 different vaasals (entrance) explains about the birth, the leading of life and the final state, the death of human.
The Panja Pandavas, Dharmar (Thirucchenkundroor), Arjunar (Thiruvaaran Vilai), Nakulan (Thiruvanvandoor), Bhiman (Thirupuliyoor) and Sahadevan (Thirukkadithaanam) have worked for these 5 divyadesams and done lots of help in making these divyadesams to grow.
In Thiruvanparisaaram, the thaayar is named as "Kamalavalli Naachiyaar", in Thirucchenkundroor, the thaayar is Sengalamala valli Naachiyaar, in Thiruvithuvakodu, the thaayar is Padmapani Naachiyaar in Thiruvaaranvilai she is named as Padmasani Naachiyaar, in Thirupuliyoor, the thaayar is porkodi Naachiyaar and in Thirunaavay the thaayar is Malar Mangai Naachiyaar and in all these 6 divyadesam, the thaayar has the name of flower as her name.
1. Thiruvananthapuram - Sri Anantha Padmanabhaswamy Temple
2. Thiruvanparisaaram - Sri Kuralappa Perumal Temple
3. Thirukkaatkarai - Sri Kaatkarai Appa Perumal Temple
4. Thirumoozhikkalam - Sri Moozhikkalathaan Perumal Temple
5. Thirupuliyoor - Sri Maayapiran Perumal Temple
1. Thirucchenkundroor - Sri Imayavarappa Perumal Temple
2. Thiru Naavaay - Sri Naavaay Mugundha Perumal Temple
3. Thiruvalvaazh - Sri Kolapira Perumal Temple
4. Thiruvanvandoor - Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal Temple
5. Thiru Vattaaru - Sri Aadhikesava Perumal Temple
1. Thiruvithuvakkodu - Sri Uyyavantha Perumal Temple
2. Thirukkadithaanam - Sri Athpudha Narayana Perumal Temple
3. Thiruvaaran Vilai - Sri Kuralappa Perumal Temple
Introduction to Vada Nadu Thiruppathigal
Vada Nadu Divya desams - Thirupathigal are said to be found in Northern part of our country (ie little bit above from TamilNadu, all the Divyadesams are termed to be Vada Nattu Thirupathigal).
There are 11 Divyadesams found in Vada Nadu. Among these 11 Divyadesams, the perumal is giving his seva facing his thirumugham along 8 divyadesam and towards Nord direction, he is found in 2 divyadesam.
He is also found in 3 different thirukkolams among these 11 Divyadesams.
Kidantha Thirukkolam - 1 Divyadesam.
Nindra Thirukkolam - 7 Divyadesams.
Irundha Thriukkolam - 3 Divyadesams.
Out of 11 Divyadesams, in 9 divyadesams, the perumal is found as "Ekapathini Samethar seva" (with only one wife), and in Thiruaayarpadi he is found along with Rukmami and Sathyabama and in Thirudwaraka, he is found along with more than two pirattis.
Some of the Vada Nattu divyadesa sthalams and the Perumals are destroyed by some of the Mughal Emperors, but they are re - constructed and the worship is still being done now.
1. Tirupathi - Tirumalai - Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
2. Thiru Singavel Kundram (Ahobilam) - Sri Nava Narasimhar Temple
Uttar Pradesh Temples
1. Thiru Ayodhi - Sri Ramar Temple
2. Thiru Naimisaranyam - Sri Devaraja Perumal Temple
1. Thiru Salagramam - Sri Moorthy Perumal Temple
79. Thiruvadhari Ashramam (Badrinath) - Sri Badri Narayana Perumal Temple
80. Thirukkandam - Kadi Nagar (Devaprayag) - Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple
81. Thiruppirudhi (Joshimutt) - Sri Paramapurusha Perumal Temple
82. Thiru Vadamathura (Brindhavanam) - Sri Govardhana Nesa Perumal Temple
83. Thiruvaaipadi (Aayarpadi) - Sri Navamohana Krishna Perumal Temple
84. Thiru Dwaraka (Dwaraka) - Sri Kalyana Narayana Perumal Temple
Introduction to Vinnulaga Thiruppathigal
Vinnulaga Thriuppathigal are said to be divyadesams wher we cant go through our human body, only our soul (Aathma can go into it). There are two Vinnulaga divyadesams - 1. Thiruppaarkadal and 2. Paramapadham. The Jeevathmas that are released (the soul) from our human body attains Mukthi and it is said to reach the Paramathma.
In these two divyadesams, Sriman Narayanan is found in Sayana (Kidantha) thirukkolam in Thiruppaarkadal and in Paramapadham, He is found in Veetrirundha thirukkolam. In Thiruppaarkadal, He is found facing his thirumugham along South direction, which is said to be the direction where Dharmarajan is found. In Paramapadham also, He is found facing His thirumugham along the South direction.
Vinnulaga Divya desams
1. ThirupPaarkadal (Vyugam)
2. ThirupParamapadham (Parathuvam)
List of 108 Divya Desam Temples
North India and Andhra Pradesh
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple – AP
Ahobilam – AP
Muktinath, Saligramam, Nepal
Naimisaranya – UP
Mathura – UP
Gokul – UP
Raghunathji Temple – UTK
Badrinath temple -UTK
Jyotirmath (Joshimutt) – UTK
Ayodhya – UP
Dwarka – Gujarat
Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple
Vinnulagam (Outside the Earthly realm)
Tiru parameswara vinnagaram
Tiru pavala vannam
Nilathingal Thundam Perumal temple
Koodal Azhagar Temple
Mayiladuthurai and Sirkazhi
Thalai Sanga Nanmathiyam
Thiru Kavith Thalam